Publications

on agriculture, biodiversity, and livelihoods
on concepts and critiques: invasion science, weeds
on regional development and introduced plants (case studies)
on weeds (livelihoods, policy, and management)
on introduced and invasive plants (inventories, ecology, biogeography)
the enigma of arrival (when and how did plants get there?)
on fire (ecology, history, conflicts)
on devolution, decentralization, and community-based management
on documenting and theorizing landscape transformation
on the history and politics of conservation in Madagascar
on livelihoods and ecology in the tapia woodlands
on political ecology (review pieces)
on other topics

Please email me for copies of any articles you cannot get from your library or the links below.

Agriculture, biodiversity, and livelihoods

    • Kull, CA, SM Carriere, S Moreau, H Rakoto Ramiarantsoa, C Blanc-Pamard & J Tassin (2013)  Melting pots of biodiversity: tropical smallholder farm landscapes as guarantors of sustainability. Environment 55(2): 6-16. text online   author version pdf
    • Carriere, SM, E Rodary, P Méral, G Serpantié, V Boisvert, CA Kull, G Lestrelin, L Lhoutellier, B Moizo, G Smektala & J-C Vandevelde (2012) Rio+20, biodiversity marginalized. Conservation Letters 6(1) 6-11.  author version pdf   official link

Concepts and critiques: invasion science, invasive aliens, weeds, and plant movements

    • Vaz, AS, C Kueffer, CA Kull, DM Richardson, S Schindler, AJ Muñoz-Pajares, JR Vicente, J Martins, C Hui, I Kühn & JP Honrado (2017) The progress of interdisciplinarity in invasion science. Ambio doi:10.1007/s13280-017-0897-7 link   authors version pdf
    • Vaz, AS, C Kueffer, CA Kull, DM Richardson, JR Vicente, I Kühn, M Schröter, J Hauck, A Bonn & JP Honrado (2017) Integrating ecosystem services and disservices: insights from plant invasions. Ecosystem Services 23:94-107 link    authors version pdf
    • Kueffer, C & CA Kull (2017) Non-native species and the aesthetics of nature. In Impact of Biological Invasions on Ecosystem Services, edited by Vilà, M & PE Hulme: Springer, 311-324. authors version pdf
    • Kull, CA & H Rangan (2015) The political ecology of weeds: a scalar approach to landscape transformation. In The International Handbook of Political Ecology, edited by Bryant, RL. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 487-500. official link   authors version pdf
    • Tassin, J & CA Kull (2015) Facing the broader dimensions of biological invasions. Land Use Policy 42:165-169. official link author version pdf
    • Tassin, J & CA Kull (2015) A melting pot world of species: reply to Speziale et al. Conservation Biology. 29(2): 593-595  author version PDF   official link (this paper is in response to Speziale et al’s “Recovering native culture in a world of non-native species” [link]; see also their rejoinder “Native species as goods” [link]).
    • Kull, CA, J Tassin & SM Carrière (2014) Approaching invasive species in Madagascar. Madagascar Conservation and Development 9 (2):60-70. link pdf news en français
    • Kull, CA and J Tassin (2012) Australian acacias: useful and (sometimes) weedy. Biological Invasions 14(11):2229-2233. official link  author version pdf (this paper is in response to Tim Low’s “Australian acacias: weeds or useful trees”; see also his rejoinder “In denial about dangerous aid”).
    • Tassin, J and CA Kull (2012) Pour une autre représentation métaphorique des invasions biologiques (Devising other metaphors for biological invasions). Natures Sciences Sociétés 20 (4):404-414. official link – the original publication is available at www.nss-journal.org pdf
    • Carruthers, J, L Robin, JP Hattingh, CA Kull, H Rangan, and BW van Wilgen (2011) A native at home and abroad: the history, politics, ethics and aesthetics of Acacia. Diversity and Distributions 17 (5):810-821. link to free pdf. author version pdf
    • Kull, CA & H Rangan, (2008). Acacia exchanges: wattles, thorn trees, and the study of plant movements. Geoforum 39 (3): 1258-72. official link   author version pdf

Regional development and introduced plants: case studies

    • Thorburn, CC & CA Kull (2015) Peatlands and plantations in Sumatra, Indonesia: Complex realities for resource governance, rural development and climate change mitigation. Asia Pacific Viewpoint 56 (1):153-168.official link  authors version pdf
    • Rangan, H, A Wilson, and CA Kull (2014) “Thorny problems: Industrial pastoralism and managing ‘country’ in Northwest Queensland” p. 116-134 in Jodi Frawley and Iain McCalman (eds.) Rethinking Invasion Ecologies from the Environmental Humanities, London, Earthscan.
    • Rangan, H, CA Kull, and L Alexander (2010).  Forest plantations, water availability, and regional climate change:  controversies surrounding Acacia mearnsii plantations in the upper Palni Hills, southern India.  Regional Environmental Change 10 (2): 103-117. official link  author version pdf
    • Rangan, H and CA Kull (2010). The Indian Ocean and the making of Outback Australia: an ecocultural odyssey. pp45-72 in Indian Ocean Studies:Cultural, Social and Political Perspectives (eds.) S Moorthy and A Jamal.  London: Routledge. pdf
    • Aitken, M, H Rangan, and CA Kull (2009).  Living with alien invasives: the political ecology of wattle in the eastern Highveld, Mpumalanga, South Africa.  Etudes Océan Indien 42-43:  115-141. full text online pdf
    • Tassin, J, R Rakotomanana, CA Kull (2009).  Bioinvasions en milieu rural: la valorization paysanne de Acacia dealbataà Madagascar.  (Proposal for a representational framework for studies of bioinvasions in rural areas: the example of Acacia dealbata in Madagascar) Bois et Forêts des Tropiques. 300(2):3-14 link to pdf
    • Kull, CA, J Tassin, H Rangan (2007). Multifunctional, scrubby, and invasive forests? Wattles in the highlands of Madagascar. Mountain Research and Development 27 (3): 224-31. link pdf

Weeds: livelihoods, policy, and management

    • Head, L, BMH Larson, RJ Hobbs, J Atchison, N Gill, CA Kull & H Rangan (2015) Living with invasive plants in the Anthropocene: the importance of understanding practice and experience. Conservation and Society 13 (3):311-318.  DOI:  10.4103/0972-4923.170411 (link)(pdf)
    • Tassin J, H Rangan, CA Kull (2012) Hybrid improved tree fallows: harnessing invasive woody legumes for agroforestry.  Agroforestry Systems 84 (3): 417-428 . official link  author version pdf
    • Kull, CA, CM Shackleton, PJ Cunningham, C Ducatillion, J-M Dufour-Dror, KJ Esler, JB Friday, AC Gouveia, AR Griffin, E Marchante, SJ Midgley, A Pauchard, H Rangan, DM Richardson, T Rinaudo, J Tassin, LS Urgenson, GP von Maltitz, RD Zenni, and MJ Zylstra. (2011) Adoption, use and perception of Australian acacias around the worldDiversity and Distributions 17 (5):822-836. link
    • Wilson, JRU, C Gairifo, MR Gibson, M Arianoutsou, BB Bakar, S Baret, L Celesti-Grapow, JM DiTomaso, J-M Dufour-Dror, C Kueffer, CA Kull, JH Hoffmann, FAC Impson, LL Loope, E Marchante, H Marchante, JL Moore, DJ Murphy, J Tassin, A Witt, RD Zenni, and DM Richardson (2011). Risk assessment, eradication, and biological control: global efforts to limit Australian acacia invasions. Diversity and Distributions 17 (5):1030-1046. link

Introduced and invasive plants: inventories, ecology, and biogeography

    • Gérard, A, JU Ganzhorn, CA Kull & SM Carrière (2015) Possible roles of introduced plants for native vertebrate conservation: the case of Madagascar. Restoration Ecology 23 (6):768-775. link.
    • Kull, CA, J Tassin, S Moreau, H Rakoto Ramiarantsoa, C Blanc-Pamard & SM Carrière (2012) The introduced flora of MadagascarBiological Invasions.  14(4):875-888.  official link    authors’ version pdf     Table S1 full inventory    Table S2 Analysis by family
    • Tassin, J, JM Médoc, CA Kull, JN Rivière, and G Balent (2009).  Can invasion patches of Acacia mearnsii serve as colonizing sites for native plant species on Réunion (Mascarene archipelago)? African Journal of Ecology 47: 422-32 link
    • Tassin, J, R Bellefontaine, E Roger, CA Kull (2009).  Evaluation preliminaire des risques d’invasion par les essences forestieres introduites à Madagascar (A preliminary analysis of the invasiveness of introduced forestry species in Madagascar).  Bois et Forêts des Tropiques 299(1): 27-36. link to pdf
    • Breton, C, J Guerin, C Ducatillion, F Médail, CA Kull, A Bervillé (2008) Taming the wild and ‘wilding’ the tame: tree breeding and dispersal in Australia and the Mediterranean. Plant Science 175: 197-205. link
    • Kull, CA, J Tassin, G Rambeloarisoa, J-M Sarrailh, (2007). Invasive Australian acacias on western Indian Ocean islands: a historical and ecological review. African Journal of Ecology 46(4): 684-9. link author version pdf

The enigma of arrival (when and how did plants move?)

  • Bell, KL, H Rangan, MM Fernandes, CA Kull & DJ Murphy (2017) Chance long-distance or human-mediated dispersal? How Acacia s.l. farnesiana attained its pan-tropical distribution. Royal Society Open Science 4:170105. link pdf
  • Bell, KL, H Rangan, CA Kull & DJ Murphy (2015) The history of introduction of the African baobab (Adansonia digitata, Malvaceae: Bombacoideae) in the Indian subcontinent. Royal Society Open Science 2 (9):1-15. link pdf
  • Rangan, H, KL Bell, DA Baum, R Fowler, P McConvell, T Saunders, S Spronck, CA Kull & DJ Murphy (2015) New genetic and linguistic analyses show ancient human influence on baobab evolution and distribution in Australia. PLoS ONE 10 (4):e0119758. pdf
  • Kull, CA, E Alpers & J Tassin (2015) Marooned plants: vernacular naming practices in the Mascarene Islands. Environment and History 21 (1):43-75. link pdf
  • Rangan, H, E Alpers, T Denham, CA Kull & J Carney (2015) Food traditions and landscape histories of the Indian Ocean World: Theoretical and methodological reflections. Environment and History 21 (1):135-157. link
  • Bell, KL, H Rangan, R Fowler, CA Kull, JD Pettigrew, CE Vickers & DJ Murphy (2014) Genetic diversity and biogeography of the boab Adansonia gregorii (Malvaceae: Bombacoideae). Australian Journal of Botany 62 (2):164-174. link

Fire (history, ecology, conflict)

    • Kull, CA (2016) Bushfire in Madagascar:  natural hazard, useful tool, and change agent. In Natural Hazards and Peoples in the Indian Ocean World: Bordering on Danger, edited by Bankoff, G & J Christensen. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 143-167.
    • Roos, CI, DMJS Bowman, JK Balch, P Artaxo, WJ Bond, M Cochrane, CM D’Antonio, R deFries, M Mack, FH Johnston, MA Krawchuk, CA Kull, MA Moritz, S Pyne, AC Scott, and TW Swetnam (2014) Pyrogeoraphy, historical ecology, and the human dimensions of fire regimes. Journal of Biogeography 41(4): 833-836 link pdf
    • Altangerel, K & CA Kull (2013) The prescribed burning debate in Australia: conflicts and compatibilities. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 5(1): 103-120. official link  authors version pdf
    • Kull, CA (2012) Fire and people in tropical island grassland landscapes:  Fiji and Madagascar. The Journal of Pacific Studies 32:121-129. link pdf
    • Bowman, DMJS, JK Balch, P Artaxo, WJ Bond, MA Cochrane, CM D’Antonio, R DeFries, FH Johnston, JE Keeley, MA Krawchuk, CA Kull, M Mack, MA Moritz, SJ Pyne, CI Roos, AC Scott, NS Sodhi, and TW Swetnam (2011) The human dimension of fire regimes on Earth. Journal of Biogeography 38:2223-2236. link pdf  html
    • Kull, CA & P Laris (2009). Fire ecology and fire politics in Mali and Madagascar, pp.71-226 in Mark A. Cochrane, ed. Tropical Fire Ecology: Climate Change, Land Use and Ecosystem Dynamics. Springer-Praxis, Heidelberg, Germany. pdf
    • Bowman, DMJS, JK Balch, P Artaxo, WJ Bond, JM Carlson, MA Cochrane, CM D’Antonio, RS DeFries, JC Doyle, SP Harrison, FH Johnston, JE Keeley, MA Krawchuk, CA Kull, JB Marston, MA Moritz, IC Prentice, CI Roos, AC Scott, TW Swetnam, GR van der Werf, and SJ Pyne (2009) Fire in the Earth System. Science 324 (5926):481-484. link
    • Kull, CA (2008). The useful and confounding ambiguity of fire: conflicts over fire use in Madagascar. Presentation at Pyrogeography and Climate Change miniconference (KITP, Univ. California-Santa Barbara). lecture video/podcast
    • Kull, CA (2008). Landscapes of fire: origins, politics, and questions. 424-49 in Handbook of Landscape Archaeology, ed. B David and J Thomas. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press. book link  author version pdf
    • Kull, CA (2007). Fire. 667-73 in Encyclopedia of Environment and Society, vol 2, ed. P Robbins. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
    • Kull, CA (2004). Isle of Fire: the Political Ecology of Landscape Burning in Madagascar. University of Chicago Press, 324pp. web amazon googlebooks
    • Kull, CA (2003). Fire and the management of highland vegetation. 153-57 in Natural History of Madagascar, eds. S Goodman and J Benstead. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    • Kull, CA (2002). Madagascar aflame: landscape burning as peasant protest, resistance, or a resource management tool? Political Geography 21 (7): 927-53. link pdf
    • Kull, CA (2002). Madagascar’s burning issue: the persistent conflict over fire.Environment 44 (3): 8-19. pdf
    • Kull, CA (1999). Observations on repressive environmental policies and landscape burning strategies in Madagascar. African Studies Quarterly 3 (2), text online.

Decentralization, devolution, and community-based  natural resource management

    • Dressler, WH, B Büscher, M Schoon, D Brockington, T Hayes, CA Kull, J McCarthy, & K Strestha (2010).  From hope to crisis and back again?  A critical history of the global CBNRM narrative.  Environmental Conservation.  37(1): 5-15. link pdf
    • Scanlon, L & CA Kull, (2009).  Untangling the links between wildlife benefits and community-based conservation at Torra Conservancy, Namibia.  Development Southern Africa 26 (1): 75-93. link pdf
    • Dressler, WH, CA Kull, and TC Meredith (2006). The politics of decentralizing national parks management in the Philippines. Political Geography 25 (7): 789-816.link
    • Kull, CA (2002). Empowering pyromaniacs in Madagascar: ideology and legitimacy in community-based resource management. Development and Change 33 (1): 57-78. link pdf

Documenting and theorizing landscape transformations

    • Cochard, R, DT Ngo, PO Waeber & CA Kull (2017) Extent and causes of forest cover changes in Vietnam’s provinces 1993-2013: a review and analysis of official data. Environmental Reviews. doi: 10.1139/er-2016-0050. official link author’s preprint pdf
    • McConnell, WJ & CA Kull (2014) Deforestation in Madagascar: Debates over the island’s forest cover and challenges of measuring forest change. Pp. 67-104 in Conservation and Environmental Management in Madagascar, ed. IR Scales. London: Earthscan. pdf
    • McConnell, WJ & CA Kull (2014) Protecting lemurs: Madagascar’s forests. Science 344:358.pdf
    • Kull, CA (2013) Politicizing land use change in highland Madagascar: struggles with air photo analyses and conservation agendas. In Land Change Science, Political Ecology and Sustainability, p66-83 in ed. C Brannstrom & J Vadjunec. London: Routledge. link
    • Kull, CA (2012) Air photo evidence of historical land cover change in the highlands: wetlands and grasslands give way to crops and woodlots. Madagascar Conservation and Development 7 (3):144-152. online with link to pdf
    • Kull, CA (2008). Saving the land with spades: human landscape transformations in the central highlands. 113-136 in Greening the Great Red Island: Madagascar in Nature and Culture, ed. JC Kaufmann. Pretoria: Africa Institute of South Africa. book blurb  pdf
    • Kull, CA, CK Ibrahim, and TC Meredith (2007). Tropical forest transitions and globalization: neoliberalism, migration, tourism, and international conservation agendas. Society and Natural Resources. 20 (8): 723-37. official link   pdf   conference paper
    • Kull, CA (2005). Historical landscape repeat photography as a tool for land use change research. Norwegian Journal of Geography 59 (4): 253-68. link  pdf 3.5MB
    • Kull, CA (2000). Deforestation, erosion, and fire: degradation myths in the environmental history of Madagascar. Environment and History 6 (4): 421-50. PDF   link  Article reprinted pp. 157-183 in S Johnson, ed. (2012) Indigenous Knowledge.  Themes in Environmental History 3.  Cambridge: White Horse Press. official link
    • Kull, CA (1998) Leimavo revisited: Agrarian land-use change in the highlands of Madagascar. Professional Geographer 50 (2): 163-176. link pdf

The history and politics of conservation in Madagascar

    • Kull, CA (2014) The roots, persistence, and character of Madagascar’s conservation boom. Pp . 146-171 in Conservation and Environmental Management in Madagascar, ed. IR Scales. London: Routledge.  pdf
    • Marcus, RR and CA Kull (1999). Setting the stage: the politics of Madagascar’s environmental efforts. African Studies Quarterly 3 (2) text online
    • Kull, CA (1996). The evolution of conservation efforts in Madagascar. International Environmental Affairs 8 (1): 50-86. pdf

Livelihoods and ecology in Madagascar’s tapia (Uapaca bojeri) woodlands

    • Kull, CA, J Ratsirarson, and G Randriamboavonjy (2005). Les forêts de tapia des Hautes Terres malgaches. Terre Malgache 24: 22-58.  pdf
    • Kull, CA (2003). Uapaca woodlands. 393-98 in Natural History of Madagascar, eds. S Goodman and J Benstead. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    • Kull, CA (2002). The ‘degraded’ tapia woodlands of highland Madagascar: rural economy, fire ecology, and forest conservation. Journal of Cultural Geography 19 (2): 95-128. pdf

Publications on political ecology

  • Kull, CA & SPJ Batterbury (2017) L’environnement dans les géographies anglophone et française : émergence, transforma­tions et circulations de la political ecology. In Humanités environnementales, ed. G Blanc, É Demeulenaere & W Feuerhahn. Paris: Sorbonne, 117-138. book link  book flyer  PDF of authors’ preprint
  • Kull, CA & H Rangan (2016) Political ecology and resilience: competing interdisciplinarities? In Interdisciplinarités entre Natures et Sociétés: Colloque de Cerisy, edited by Hubert, B & N Mathieu. Bruxelles: P.I.E. Peter Lang, 71-87.(authors version pdf)
  • Gautier, D & CA Kull (2015) French research traditions on peasant agricultural systems: a convergence with political ecology? In The Routledge Handbook of Political Ecology, edited by Perreault, T, G Bridge & J McCarthy. London: Routledge, 76-88 (authors version pdf).
  • Kull, CA, X Arnauld de Sartre & M Castro-Larrañaga (2015) The political ecology of ecosystem servicesGeoforum  61: 122-134 (official link / author version pdf )
  • Arnauld de Sartre, X, M Castro, B Hubert & C Kull (2014) Modernité écologique et services écosystémiques. In Political ecology des services écosytémiques, edited by Arnauld de Sartre, X, M Castro, S Dufour & J Oszwald. Brussels: P.I.E. Peter Lang, 31-48.
  • Kull, CA (2013).  Political ecology and resilience: emblems for post-disciplinarity, or competing dogmas?  Invited plenary speech at Colloque Interdisciplinarités entre Natures et Sociétés  (Dirs : B. Hubert et N. Mathieu).  Centre Culturel International de Cerisy, Cerisy-la-Salle, France, 30 Sept. – 5 Oct. 2013. links to audio (french) and slides (english)
  • Kull, CA (2012) L’écologie politique et la question environnementale malgache. In Géopolitique et environnement. Les leçons de l’expérience malgache, edited by Rakoto Ramiarantsoa, H, C Blanc-Pamard & F Pinton. Marseille: IRD Éditions, 127-153. pdf
  • Rangan, H & CA Kull, (2009) What makes ecology ‘political’?: rethinking ‘scale’ in political ecology. Progress in Human Geography 33 (1): 28-45. link pdf

Publications on other topics

  • Wilmé, L, PO Waeber, F Moutou, CJ Gardner, O Razafindratsima, J Sparks, CA Kull, B Ferguson, WR Lourenço, PD Jenkins, L Ramamonjisoa, DA Burney & PPI Lowry (2016) A proposal for ethical research conduct in Madagascar. Madagacar Conservation and Development 11 (1):36-39 official link with pdf.
  • Kull, CA & SPJ Batterbury (2016) La géographie face aux défis environnementaux dans le monde anglophone. In Manifeste pour une géographie environnementale, edited by Chartier, D & E Rodary. Paris: Les Presses Sciences Po, 227-255. authors version pdf official site.
  • Weston, P, R Hong, C Kaboré & CA Kull (2015) Farmer-managed natural regeneration enhances rural livelihoods in dryland West Africa. Environmental Management 55 (6):1402-1417. official link authors version pdf
  • Waeber, PO, L Wilmé, B Ramamonjisoa, C Garcia, D Rakotomalala, ZH Rabemananjara, CA Kull, JU Ganzhorn & J-P Sorg (2015) Dry forests in Madagascar: neglected and under pressure. International Forestry Review 17 (S2):127-148. link  pdf
  • Kull, CA and H Rangan (2012)  Science, sentiment and territorial chauvinism in the acacia name change debate. 197-219 in SG Haberle and B David (eds), Peopled Landscapes: Archaeological and Biogeographic Approaches to Landscapes. Terra Australis 34.  Canberra: ANU E-Press. pdf
  • Kull, CA (2008)  Who should vote where?  Geography and fairness in migrant voting rights.  Geographical Research 46 (4): 459-65. official link pdf
  • Kull, CA (1998) Mandeha tongotra: on foot in Madagascar. Appalachia 52 (206): 96-108.
  • Kull, CA and FJ Magilligan (1994) Controls over landslide distribution in the White Mountains, New Hampshire. Physical Geography 15 (4): 325-341.

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